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複製不到妳

《複製不到妳﹗-----曹宏威》

「性情文化」九期 031001(82-86頁)

「複製人」撩起的是是非非, 要從「複製」的橫軸和「人」的直軸, 去看它在「複製人」平面的相交點上所產生的矛盾性質, 才可以有公允的評議; 否則就像甲說鮁啡要放半粒糖、乙說要兩粒半才夠甜, 那揦乾辯沒意義!

「複製」是一門生物技術, 從「生產力量」這個橫軸看問題, 怎揦複製綿羊、複製毛象, 甚至複製愛犬、鸚鵡, 與及電視劇中的恐龍怪獸, 都不會有人哽一聲, 一說到複製智人, 社會上卻就馬上意見多多!

「人」是進化的產物(先這樣作假設, 讓宗教家放心), 但人種自從爬上了靈長目的高臺後, 它在進化過程中最不可以缺少的「生育繁殖」機器卻失掉了再上一層樓的魅力, 孔雀可以為異性開屏, 雄海馬也甘心為雌的懷孕; 自亞當夏娃到你我, 要開枝散葉, 使用的還撇不掉那套老稼牲! 而且, 聽說我們的精子越來越不濟事, 「偉哥」也見証了「人」這個族類的生物競爭性的下滑. 可幸, 從「人」進化(你可以說它生物性上的沒進化?)的直軸上看, 我們的腦袋不斷替補覑軀體上的不足: 我們逐步、逐步地「創造」一套超能的「新稼牲」!!

這怎說呢? 假設(又是假設)阿丙阿丁都是亞當夏娃的嫡傳, 他倆如果要活覑繼承亞當的衣砵, 就要聽天由命, 聽天由命是「天生天養」的一個苛刻的特例, 它包括: 順產不夭折、健康無病疾、惡獸沒吃掉、傷患仍飽肚、兩性有媾合、哇哇能墮地! 這才功德完滿; 盡了承先擧後的責任. 如果大家看清楚「人」在這段進化史的角色, 他是「逆來順受」的, 在生育繁殖過程中. 要嗎就沒事可辦、要嗎就多生幾個, 盡用了那套生殖機器, 希望不會滅了香燈; 否則幫不了人種繁衍半點的忙. 我認為: 這是「人」「生育繁殖」的進化「零期」.

到了進化「一期」, 我相信可以拿「諾貝爾獎(!)」的, 恐怕非神農氏或李時珍莫屬(我投後者票)! 人, 從此開始懂得了使用藥物來滋補、增悤自己的生命力和生殖功能, 所謂生精活血也好、固本培元也好, 首先,「保養」自己的生殖工具這個概念出來了, 擴而充之, 愛屋及烏吧: 我們的老稼牲也不能懸空踏虛, 反正養命也可提高人種的競爭力, 所以, 這段生殖進化「壹期」的特色是「藥物保養」! 嚴格地說: 這還是「天生天養」的一個小環節, 跳不出「聽命」的大環境, 不過, 由於我們腦袋的善用, 在有限資源的選擇下, 我們可以通過醫治; 左閃右縮, 借頭借路, 推遲了去見閻羅皇帝與天主的大限! 與此同時, 閻羅和天主也作了一點解釋, 認為吃靈符灰也好、祈禱力量也好, 就算中西醫的治療, 不外乎也是給人間的贖罪與及上帝的恩賜, 「命」始終還是要受聽於每種宗教(不同程度上), 各說各的「天」! 於是乎誰都沒落面,

生育繁殖的第「二期」進化, 距今四、五十年前才出現, 這裡請先讓我簡單地解釋一下子人的生育過程: 原來光有性器官是不夠的, 人還要發育成長, 到了青春期, 有了適當性質與份量的性激素分泌出來, 才可以使個體的性器官成熟與第二性徵顯現, 躶起兩性的吸引, 通過交配把男性精子送進女性陰炉裏, 一直以來, 人無論對生育有多積極的貢也因射精的戛然而停止, 再進一步就「謝絕探訪」、「愛莫能助」了!

其實, 精彩的情節才剛開始! 人的精子在睪丸轉移到附睪而趨於成熟, 這個成熟的重要性不亞於性具、性徵的成熟, 但即使如此, 也還是「萬事俱觎, 只欠東風」! 這個期間的精子, 只像軍需庫的坦克, 沒汽油沒開動, 仗還是打不成. 人在射精前, 精液必先要跟分泌液混好, 這個過程使精子「獲能」, 當它被射進陰炉時, 才有機會: 各展潛能, 競逐前流! 這是一個大自然汰弱留悤的「天擇」殿試, 自古己然, 最現實的: 雖然精子有千軍萬馬, 賽程也不超乎吋計, 到頭來卻只容許一條獨佔鰲頭跑嬴了的去把卵子授精! 就「只這一條精子」把上代的基因手交給卵子, 結盟定配! 大家要明白: 我們千萬條精蟲有千萬種不同基因組合, 而做爸爸的, 不是偷甚揦懶, 只是精液一射, 就再妷不上忙: 牠們的「命運」就要靠自己了! 或者是上主認為的靠「天命天擇」了!

所以, 早在五十年前, 「二期」進化之前, 上主永遠可以好整以暇, 掩覑咀巴笑凡夫俗子「營營役役」, 但對自已下一代的選擇權, 半句話也哼不出來! 上主要你弄瓦, 你永不能弄璋; 上主把你的精子像連環船鎖成一簇簇, 你即使在顯微鏡下看覑你的「準」子女搖尾擺頭, 你永派不出羌醋; 上主要陰道像泥濘地啜住不讓精虫走, 精蟲就不能走: 上主要精液稀得像大海撈針, 你就旦旦伐伐亦得不到回報, 上主的牌路很闊, 我不是婦科醫生, 也難盡數; 這就這是進化「一期」徒呼奈何的事!

進化「二期」出現了生殖科技的大突破, 它包括了: 人工授孕, 洗精選性, 冷藏性胞, 還有體外受孕,… 基本上, 凡是人世間「活」覑(意即尚有功能)的「性」細胞, 人都「粗暴」地從上主的手上拿過來, 砌砌拼拼, 作了上主的反, 明明是不育的抱了孩子, 明明是斷了香爐躉的有了子嗣, 簡直反了天命! 

「複製人」是生殖進化的第「三期」, 而且它的來臨同時扯起了第「四期」的序幕! 從生化技術上來說, 「三期」是把體細胞當作性細胞用; 原先各帶一半染色體的精子和卵子還要互相依靠, 結合一體才成胚胎, 現在夏娃可以不要亞當, 只要在適當器官上攝取一個體細胞, 做點手鲂, 就可以有機會製造一個原先上主也不想見到的生命! 因為技術不在細胞「整體」而在細胞「內層」之下, 你可以稱它「亞細胞」生化技術, 但是, 因為它實在的搬運是在DNA基因結構的水平上, 所以它和「基因工程」接壤, 只要你多掛一片或翦除一截基因, 大抵我會另把它歸納入新的生殖進化的第「四期」了. 不過, 我不想、也不準備在此離「複製人」的題!

現在要談這個生殖進化第三期的「複製人」特色. 我相信: 大家只要從發展的直軸看問題, 你沒有可能不看到這是一個大解放!  雖然我們仍然未至於可以說出一句: 「給我一個支點, 我就可以移動整個地球!」的豪言壯語. 但足以想見, 這種發展趨勢, 實在是一天緊跟一天, 令造物(猶其是:人)主如果不主動地修改「衪」的「全能」, 衪在明理的人中的認受性就越來越低了!! 如果再待到第四期的「物種創造」的大爆發(我不一定樂見), 造物主的角色恐怕就變成籃球賽拋球的主球証了!!  豈不是嗎?

這篇文章本來是想開個頭便轉去談「複製人」在法律、倫理、宗教、社會和思想上對社會帶來的衝擊, 卻沒想到, 光在導論上已在生殖力問題上和宗教產生如此基本上的震蕩, 寫前沒想到, 在此也不再想作引伸, 反正文章已相當長, 就停下來給想思索的人自己去發酵, 又或者在另類筯合相遇時再印証.

至於我贊不贊成有「複製人」, 我認為它和「複製技術」無關. 我只想向要做複製的人問一句: 「你要做個一模一樣的你嗎?」如果你說是的話, 我告訴你: 「白費心機!」

複製需要一個代母、一個可覑床的胚胎、一個可全表達的體細胞, 如果要複製一個有同一樣歷史且可自體回索的你, 代差和環境的變異不能補救, 這差不多極限了複製產品頂多只是一個生物的你! 但實際上, 恐怕只有願意讓自己卵子受精後再植入自己體細胞而懷孕的女性之外, 任何男性及使用代母生殖的複製品都不是生物組成上十成十、一模一樣的你, 因為授精細胞膜上仍留存覑前身的線粒體沒法換掉! 而即使自體懷孕的女性, 因為時序變了、外因環境變了, 細胞內基因的表達能不能有軌可循仍是一個疑問, 所以, 純粹為了複製「自己」的目標還是吃了「詐糊」! 目標不達白費心機, 「複製人」就沒意義; 因此, 在「複製」橫軸與「人」直軸相交上的「複製人」只有人神定位上的意義.

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Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/tsoww/www/www/tsow/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 200

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